What is Platinum? Learn Properties, Uses & Price

Platinum Things To Know

Platinum is a precious metal that has been revered for its beauty, durability, and rarity. Known for its lustrous white hue, platinum has become a popular choice in fine jewelry, particularly for engagement rings and wedding bands. This article delves into the history, properties, and uses of platinum, shedding light on why it is a preferred metal for many seeking timeless and elegant jewelry.

A Brief History of Platinum

Platinum has a rich history that dates back to ancient civilizations. The earliest known use of platinum can be traced to the ancient Egyptians, who used it in small quantities alongside gold. However, it wasn’t until the 18th century that platinum began to gain recognition in Europe. Spanish explorers discovered platinum in the New World, particularly in the rivers of Colombia. The metal’s resistance to corrosion and tarnish, coupled with its beautiful silvery-white appearance, quickly captured the interest of jewelers and scientists alike.

Properties of Platinum

Platinum stands out among precious metals due to its unique properties:

  1. Durability: Platinum is exceptionally durable and resistant to wear. It is denser and heavier than gold, making it ideal for everyday wear. Its toughness ensures that it does not wear away over time, which means it maintains its volume and weight.
  2. Purity: Platinum used in jewelry is typically 95% pure, marked as 950 Platinum. This high level of purity contributes to its hypoallergenic properties, making it a suitable choice for those with sensitive skin.
  3. Luster: The natural white sheen of platinum does not fade or change color over time. Unlike white gold, which requires periodic re-plating with rhodium, platinum retains its brilliant white shine with minimal maintenance.
  4. Rarity: Platinum is one of the rarest elements on Earth. Its scarcity adds to its value and desirability, making it a symbol of luxury and exclusivity.

Uses of Platinum in Jewelry

Platinum’s desirable properties make it a preferred choice for various types of fine jewelry:

  1. Engagement Rings: Platinum’s strength and durability provide a secure setting for precious gemstones, particularly diamonds. Its neutral color enhances the brilliance of diamonds, making them appear even more dazzling.
  2. Wedding Bands: Platinum wedding bands are favoured for their lasting beauty and resistance to scratching and tarnishing. They symbolize enduring love and commitment, qualities that resonate with the essence of marriage.
  3. Fine Jewelry: Beyond engagement rings and wedding bands, platinum is used in crafting a wide range of fine jewelry, including necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and brooches. Its ability to hold intricate details and its resistance to damage make it ideal for heirloom pieces that can be passed down through generations.

Platinum vs. Other Metals

When choosing jewelry, it’s essential to understand how platinum compares to other popular metals like gold and silver:

  1. Platinum vs. White Gold: While both metals have a similar appearance, white gold is typically alloyed with other metals and coated with rhodium to achieve its white color. Over time, this coating wears off, requiring re-plating. Platinum, on the other hand, is naturally white and does not require additional coatings, ensuring it remains radiant with minimal maintenance.
  2. Platinum vs. Yellow Gold: Yellow gold offers a warm, classic look, while platinum provides a modern, sophisticated appearance. Platinum’s higher density and purity often result in a heavier, more substantial feel compared to gold.
  3. Platinum vs. Silver: Silver is a more affordable option but lacks the durability and resistance to tarnish that platinum offers. While silver jewelry can be stunning, it requires more frequent care and maintenance to keep it looking its best.

Caring for Platinum Jewelry

Maintaining platinum jewelry is relatively simple:

  1. Regular Cleaning: Clean your platinum jewelry with a mild soap and water solution. Use a soft brush to gently remove any dirt or debris.
  2. Professional Check-Ups: Periodically have your platinum jewelry inspected by a professional jeweler to ensure that prongs and settings remain secure.
  3. Storage: Store platinum pieces separately from other jewelry to prevent scratches. Using a soft pouch or a dedicated compartment in your jewelry box is ideal.


Platinum’s timeless beauty, unparalleled durability, and rarity make it a coveted choice for fine jewelry. Whether you are selecting an engagement ring, wedding band, or an elegant piece of jewelry, platinum offers a sophisticated and lasting option. Its unique properties ensure that your treasured pieces will endure for generations, making platinum not just a purchase, but an investment in enduring elegance and quality.

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